Pat Cox (born 28 November 1952) is an Irish politician. He is a former economics lecturer, journalist and television presenter. He served as Member of the European Parliament from 1989 until 2004. In 1998, he was elected President of the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Group, ELDR. He was unanimously re-elected in June 1999 following the elections to the European Parliament. From 2002 until 2004, he was President of the European Parliament. On 20 May 2004, he was awarded the Karlsprize for his achievements with regard to the enlargement of the European Union and for his work in promoting greater EU democratisation. In 2005, Cox was elected as the new president of the European Movement, an international pro-European association. In June 2009, he actively campaigned during the campaign for the pro Lisbon treaty initiative Ireland for Europe.